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Backgrounder

Samples of what's new in the new Grade 11 and 12 curriculum

June 2000
 
DISCIPLINE       NEW CURRICULUM
Business Studies
  • A study of international business highlights the dynamics of the international market and trade in the global economy. Students will learn the importance of foreign exchange, business activity, and the influence of culture and will gain a familiarity with the relationship between international business and our own economy. 
  • The significant role small business plays in Ontario's economy is reflected in the new Business Studies courses. A course in accounting for small business, for example, will give students an understanding of payroll systems, inventory, specialized journals, subsidiary ledgers, sales taxes, cash management and software accounting programs. 
  • The new curriculum familiarizes students with the technologies, such as electronic commerce. 
  • Key factors associated with success are highlighted in Business Studies programs, and students will be encouraged to assess their own entrepreneurial strengths and interests. 
  • As part of their course work, students will produce plans for the human resources, marketing, production and finances of a hypothetical enterprise. 
English
  • For the first time, there will be a graduated grammar program from Grade 1 through to Grade 12. Students in Grades11 and 12 will be required to produce both academic and technical reports. 
  • The acquisition of more highly developed grammar and communication skills will help to increase the level of literacy of high school graduates. 
  • For the first time in Grades 11 and 12, a suggested reading list will be supplied to indicate the level of difficulty and diversity expected. Sample texts range from Shakespeare through Dostoyevsky to Tomson Highway. 
Français
  • The French-language curriculum also includes appropriate French literature and other content. 
Guidance
  • Building on the compulsory half credit course, "Career Studies," in Grade 10, the new Grade 11 course, "Planning Your Future," prepares students for a successful transition to the workplace. Students will learn to research job opportunities and requirements, to identify and acquire general employment skills such as teamwork, leadership and collective decision-making, to showcase a portfolio of their work and ability, to analyse employment trends in society and to understand workplace-related legislation in areas such as sexual harassment and health and safety. 
Health and Physical Education
  • There is a new Grade 12 college-preparation course for students pursuing careers in recreation and fitness programs. 
  • For the first time, there is a "Health for Life" course in Grade 11. In it, students will gain the ability to develop and maintain a lifelong health and fitness plan. Students will learn about the risk of common chronic diseases and about management strategies for these diseases if they do occur. 
  • The "Health for Life" course will teach students to analyse environmental factors that affect health on a local, national and global basis. 
  • Students of the "Health for Life" course will learn specific skills such as CPR and first aid, which will be of benefit to others in emergency situations. 
Mathematics
  • The new four-year curriculum maintains the key expectations of the five- year program, including algebraic skills, applied trigonometry, properties and analysis of linear, quadratic, polynomial, exponential, logarithmic, and trigonometric functions, vectors, equations of lines and planes, statistics, probability, introduction to calculus and an increased focus on problem-solving. 
  • The new mathematics curriculum increases the focus on the practical application of financial mathematics for all students, regardless of the course type they have chosen. Students' ability to manage their personal finances is a particular focus. 
  • The new mathematics curriculum uses recent technologies, such as graphing calculators and computer graphing software, to involve students in exploring realistic applications. The use of technology complements the students' development of algebraic skills and places these skills in a context of practical applications. 
Native Languages
  • The new Native Languages curriculum opens the study of Native languages to all students. The following Native languages are studied: Cayuga, Cree, Delaware, Oji-Cree, Mohawk, Oneida, Ojibwe. 
French As a Second Language
  • The new curriculum sets clear standards of achievement and proficiency at each language level. 
Science
  • The new curriculum incorporates recent technological developments. The biology program, for example, now includes material on the biotechnological applications of microbes and the use of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) in the diagnosis of tumours. Courses in Chemistry, Earth Sciences, and Physics have also incorporated new technologies and information on the application of technology in the workplace. 
  • A general science course has been designed for students who do not intend to pursue science beyond high school but who could nevertheless benefit from knowledge about such areas as electricity, everyday chemicals, energy alternatives and communications technologies. 
  • The new curriculum is based on the Pan-Canadian Common Framework of Science Learning Outcomes, to ensure that our students can compete internationally. 
Technological Education
  • Technology courses in individual disciplines will teach industry-specific skills. For example, students of communications technology can learn to plan, set up and manage live recording and graphic systems; medical technology students will learn to design physical activity programs for children and the elderly; manufacturing technology students will learn to read and interpret engineering drawings, and computer studies graduates will be able to compare the effectiveness of alternate algorithms in computer programs and to design a plan for large software projects such as an accounts receivable system. 
  • Computer Studies courses will provide students with the opportunity to develop a large variety of computer programming and computer engineering skills. The use of internetworking services to access global information resources and the use of an operating system to manage files and configure hardware are highlighted in one optional course. Other courses focus on computer logic and the use of logic gates such as AND, NAND, OR, XOR, and NOT, or the ability to perform line-by-line walk-throughs of computer programs that include all program structures. 
The Arts
  • The arts will be studied with the same rigour and discipline as will be applied to other subject areas. For example, the study of drama, previously had no defined core components associated with grade levels. In the new curriculum, Drama courses in Grade 11 and 12 must include a history of Canadian and world drama, an examination of the various forms and conventions of dramatic works, a study of the techniques of movement and character development and the mechanics of voice production. 

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